a RNA gene that is active in nerve cells that appear early in embryonic development and play a critical role in the formation of the layered structure of the human cerebral cortex. One of two genes that make up HAR1 (human accelerated region 1).
is a homologue of the naturally-occurring amino acid cysteine, produced from methionine. Elevated levels of homocysteine are associated with a greatly increased risk for coronary heart disease, stroke, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. Levels of homocysteine in the blood are strongly influenced by diet — high levels are particularly associated with deficiencies in vitamin B12 and folate — lifestyle factors such as smoking, and genetic factors.
a protein that normally breaks apart amyloid and disposes of it.
Glossary of neurological terms
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