is what is known as a neurotransmitter — a chemical produced by brain cells which transmits information within the brain. Acetylcholine is vital for memory, attention and thought. Acetylcholine-producing cells are among the first to die in Alzheimer's disease. Parkinson's disease, dementia due to multiple strokes, multiple sclerosis and schizophrenia, are all, like Alzheimer’s, associated with lower levels of acetylcholine in the brain.

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