Brain development

People are poor at assessing their own memory One thing research seems to show rather consistently is that, for older adults in particular, beliefs about one's own memory performance have little to do with one's actual memory performance¹. People who believe they have a poor memory are usually no worse at remembering than those who believe...
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Children’s understanding, and their use of memory and learning strategies, is a considerably more complex situation than most of us realize. To get some feeling for this complexity, let’s start by looking at a specific area of knowledge: mathematics. Children's math understanding Here’s a math problem: Pete has 3 apples. Ann also has some apples. Pete and Ann have 9...
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Children’s understanding, and their use of memory and learning strategies, is a considerably more complex situation than most of us realize. To get some feeling for this complexity, let’s start by looking at a specific area of knowledge: mathematics. Children's math understanding Here’s a math problem: Pete has 3 apples. Ann also has some apples. Pete and Ann have 9...
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We all know that lack of sleep makes us more prone to attentional failures, more likely to make mistakes, makes new information harder to learn, old information harder to retrieve ... We all know that, right? And yet, so many of us still go to bed too late to get the sleep we need to function well. Of course, some of us go to sleep early enough...
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The Seattle Longitudinal Study of Adult Intelligence has followed a group of more than 5000 people for well over four decades. The program began in 1956 and participants have been tested across a whole gamut of mental and physical abilities at seven year intervals since that date. The study has found:
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Compulsory Education: When it starts and how long it lasts Around the world, for the most part, compulsory schooling starts at 6, although some start at 7, and a very few at 5 or even younger. There is less consensus about how long compulsory education should last, but 9 years is the most common length, with 10 years running a close second.
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Two large-scale international studies have become established to compare countries' performance in the core subjects of literacy, mathematics and science. TIMSS: Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study TIMSS is an international study involving 50 countries that assesses math and science achievement at four year intervals. It has been running since 1995. Students...
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Except in the cases of stroke or traumatic brain injury, loss of cognitive function is not something that happens all at once. Cognitive impairment that comes with age may be thought of as belonging on a continuum, with one end being no cognitive impairment and the other end being dementia, of which Alzheimer's is the most common type.
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The role of melody in helping recall The most obvious connection between language and music is that music can be used to help us remember words. It has been convincingly shown that words are better recalled when they are learned as a song rather than speech - in particular conditions.
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Some comments on the commonalities between the Suzuki approach to learning music and the Montessori approach to education.
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